These days hair loss in females too, is a common sight. Gone are the days when we would observe hair loss only in males. There are several factors that are responsible for hair loss in females – lack of nutrition, stress, iron deficiency anemia, hormonal imbalances such as pregnancy and menopause, major surgeries, few medications, birth control pills, endocrinal conditions, hereditary, etc. Treatment of alopecia (hair loss) is based on the causative factor responsible. There are numerous shampoos and products available over-the-counter which claim in arresting hair loss but, they mostly fail as they fall short in considering the reason behind hair loss. Severe hair loss in women can produce an impact on the self-esteem and can also lead to depression in few cases.
Yes, women too, require surgical hair restoration as their resort for hair loss. The only method of bringing back hair in areas that have completely lost their follicles is through transplantation, provided there is adequate supply of hair at the donor site. Hair transplantation surgery is a cosmetic procedure performed on both, males and females who experience prominent loss of hair, thinning of hairs or bald spots where hair growth is exhausted. Hair transplantation in women is one of the most fast growing segments of hair transplantation. There are several hair restoration techniques available in treating alopecia. The aim of hair restoration techniques is to re-establish areas of depleted hair.
Several females can achieve a complete natural hair restoration through surgical hair restoration techniques. When hair transplantation technique is performed on a suitable candidate, hair transplantation can generate remarkable changes in boosting the self-confidence and the appearance of the woman. Prior to opting for the surgical hair transplantation procedure, availability of adequate donor hair should be assessed. Hair transplant is a solution only in females having sufficient amount of thick hair in the back and sides of the head. Success of hair transplant in females is dependent on the quantity and quality of hair available for transplant.
There are a very small percentage of women who can benefit from hair transplant and prove to be ideal individuals for surgical hair restoration techniques. Prospective women candidates for surgical hair transplant procedures are those women who have:-
- Hair loss due to non hormonal reasons, trauma, burns, etc.
- Hair loss mimicking male pattern baldness. In male type baldness hair grows only in a horseshoe shape around the head.
- Had earlier plastic or cosmetic surgery and are worried about alopecia surrounding the incision site.
- Alopecia marginalis (hair loss experienced at the hairline).
Surgical hair restoration is an excellent option in cases of males but females fail to be a good candidate for this procedure because of the type of hair loss that they possess. Women generally have diffuse hair loss, which means thinning in all sites of the head, even at the donor sites. In hair transplantation procedure, hair is removed from the donor sites and transplanted in other areas of head that are depleted of hair. In males, the donor sites are known as ‘stable’ sites as follicles and hair in these sites are unaffected by the DHT (Dihydrotestosterone is a natural metabolite present in the human body which is chiefly responsible for loss of hair in both men and women type of baldness). While, in female type of baldness, these donor sites are generally considered as ‘unstable’; as the hair and follicles at this site experiences thinning similar to other sites of the head. The follicle-killing DHT affects the donor sites in women. Due to this reason, when the hair and the follicles from these sites are transplanted into hair depleted areas on the head, hair falls out and this may prove that hair transplant may not offer any permanent solution to alopecia in all the females. Thus, surgical hair restoration may not be beneficial to all the females; it is favorable only in cases where a female proves to be a good candidate for hair transplant.
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