As the cases of hair loss are increasing, the demand for hair transplant surgery too, is on the up rise. Surgical hair transplantation is a technique where healthy follicles and hair are transplanted from the donor sites to areas of the head where the hair growth is depleted. This procedure offers a permanent solution to hair loss. Every technique has few side effects though; the side effects of hair restoration techniques vary from person to person. Most of the side effects experienced because of hair transplant surgery are temporary and disappear within a few days. It is essential that before you undergo the procedure, you must be aware of the possible side effects, so that you are well prepared for them.
Below are mentioned 10 commonly experienced side effects of Hair Transplant Surgery:-
Haemorrhage and infections
Haemorrhage (bleeding) is an immediate side effect which is observed during or just after the procedure. It is noticed in the grafting method of hair transplant. This side effect can be avoided if the operating surgeon is experienced and has successfully performed these techniques earlier.
Employment of unhygienic instruments gives rise to infections. Possibility of infections is when the surgery is performed in an unclean surrounding. There are chances of infection of hair follicles occurring. Infection may occur due to break in the skin integrity. Generally surgeons prescribe antibiotics before and after the surgery to avoid infections.
Itching, as a side effect chiefly occurs due to scab formation at the site of transplant. There are chances that many more scabs form after the grafting method. You should avoid scratching post hair transplant, as it may lead to damaging your scalp and also your newly transplanted hair. Itching lasts only for a few days and can be controlled by shampooing and application of specialized moisturizing oil.
Temporary thinning of hair
Temporary thinning of hair or sudden loss of transplanted hair is termed as “shedding” or “shock loss”. It is caused by inappropriate form of grafting performed by inexperienced surgeons. At times, all hairs are not transplanted successfully hence, they fall off. Few people experience partial baldness; few experience thinning of hair while few experience shedding which is normal hair loss of 50 to 100 hairs each day. Shedding is a normal phenomenon after hair transplant. The transplanted hair falls out in two to three weeks post surgery and new hair growth takes place within three to four months. Hair transplant only redistributes the hair on the head and fails to alter the total number of hairs on your head.
Scarring is common in persons who have opted for strip transplantations. Small, circular, scattered scars are observed at the donor site (sites from where the hair is taken and implanted in areas deficient in hair growth). Scarring is caused due to break in the skin integrity. Few people have genetic inclination towards scarring. Crust formation is observed in the donor sites and areas of the scalp where the hair was transplanted. Keloid scars can be unsightly particularly if your hairs are short. It is observed that people generally have scars from previous transplant techniques.
Swelling is noticed post surgery and is generally observed in the forehead region and around the eyes. Though, the site of swelling may differ from person to person. Swelling is temporary and usually diminishes in a few days.
Pain is experienced in the transplant site. It is temporary and diminishes gradually. At times, the surgeons prescribe painkillers.
Small size harmless cysts develop in the areas where the new hair is implanted. Cysts usually disappear within a few weeks, but if they fail to disappear then you shall have to consult a physician. Cysts develop when there is damage caused to the hair follicle or when the hair follicles are pushed deeper into the skin layer.
Bleeding is a rare side effect of hair transplant. Few patients may experience it due to extreme pressure on scalp. Exerting pressure on the area, generally arrests the bleeding. In case, the bleeding fails to stop, the surgeon may require putting some extra stitches to close the wound.
Hiccoughs are one of the rare side effects seen in hair transplant patients. The intensity of hiccoughs differs from patient to patient. The reason for hiccoughs in hair transplant patient is unclear. Usually hiccoughs vanish within one or two days. This side effect can be troublesome, if it lasts longer as it can disturb your sleep. You need to consult a physician in case extend of hiccoughs it too extreme.
Numbness is experienced around the donor site or around the site where the hair is transplanted. Lack of sensation exists for many weeks after the transplant. Numbness is temporary but in case it fails to decrease then, you shall require consulting a physician.
These are few of the commonly experienced side effects, post hair transplantation. At times, these side effects are observed immediately after the surgery while some times it is observed few days after the surgery.
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